A Two days National seminar on the development of Indian constitution and the contemporary challenges to the modern India
Date: 5th & 6th March 2019
Organized by Department Of Social Work Don Bosco College – Panaji
To disseminate information to the participants on various aspects of Indian Constitution and the fundamental rights of its citizens.
To update the knowledge on the recent amendments made to the Indian Constitution and how it has posed contemporary challenges to modern India.
Day 1 – 5th March 2019
The chief guest Mr Rupesh Kumar Thakur (IAS ) Secretary to Governor, Goa said that freedom of India is not a gift. Separate electorate led to the partition of India.
It took 27 years 11 months and 18days to write the constitution of India and in 1950 the final draft of the constitution of India was written by Dr Ambedkar. The challenges of modern India are money power and muscle power. Mr.Thakur said that nurturing secularism helps to get rid of intolerance and Linguistic pluralism has to be nurtured. He ends this address by saying that it is the people of a country who make the constitution work.
Amendments to Indian constitution and various challenges to modern India by Mr Balaji Shenoy (Archivist, Directorate of Archivist and Archaeology, Government of Goa.)
He elaborated on the politics of defections in the backdrop of upcoming elections in India. Citing some examples from history he elaborately expressed his views on the topic.
Constitutional trends: Freedom of religion by Adv. Cleofato Coutinho Almeida. Secularism is the basic structure of the Indian constitution.
He also spoke of the state intervene in the interstate freedom of religion. Superstition and religion don’t go together. Personal law are with the consent of the sovereign and subject to fundamental right. He ended by saying that freedom of religion is more of a progressive and liberal area. Laws should be rationalize.
Constitutional and women reservation in local self-government by Ms.Seema Fernandes (Asst Director GIPARD – Goa Institute of Public Administration and rural development)Panachayati Raj system, a 3 tier system was introduced in the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act. Panchayats are institution for women empowerment, social security and Justice. There are 13.72 lac elected women reprenstation across the country. In Goa we have a 2 tier system since we have a smaller population. 39.2 percent Women Elected Representation in Goa. Significance of the act has allowed women to enter politics, participate in public spaces, public activities and human development. It’s helps to strength the governance and improves delivery services in the village panchayat.
Awareness of different committees for support for the village development. Initiatives by women sarpanchas : economic development, health and nutrition and livelihood initiatives: not to issue licence to new bars, segregation of waste , horticulture, organic farming courses for women empowerment, public transport, IT support and health and sanitation . however women face a lot of challenges namely knowledge gaps, lack of confidence, domination of male counterpart and change in mind sets, weak decision making, political support, domestic responsibility, prevailing cultural attitude of the role of women, rotation post, information, trust and interest deficit.
Fundamental rights and modern day challenges by Fr Maverick Fernandes (Director,Caritas Goa)
The purpose of the Fundamental Right is to establish the rule of law. It gives us legal rights. Fundamental rights are justifiable and enforced to protect the dignity of an individual. Articles 24 enclose those Rights. Fundamental Right aims to restore the individual or collective interest. Fundamental Rights however also have challenges such as lack of information on Fundamental Right, adjustments make us compliance to the wrong, no critical thinking and evaluation of choosing our representatives, decriminalization on the basis of religion, privatization in the government and citizens not casting their vote and even using NOTA.
Constitution and gender equality by Adv. Albertina Almeida
Constitution is a great social document; it transfers a medieval approach to a modern approach. International law allows incorporating the constitution. The constitution ensures rights to the 3rd gender or transgender- article 14, 15, 16. Substantial equality is better benefited provision to those needed only. Special law for women like extortion like for dowry. Gender is not only Social construct but a social condition. She ended by the quote” I am what I am so take me what I am”.
Day 2 – 6th March 2019
Constitution and the Independence of judiciary by Dr Saba V M Da Silva (Principal Kare College of Law) spoke about from political state to welfare state. Securing Independence of the judiciary. The Supreme Court judges are appointed by the president in order to strengthen the walls of the fortress of judiciary the recommendations of Sapru committee. The Supreme Court is the highest court. Under article 32 it exercises original jurisdiction for the enforcement of fundamental rights. Steps taken to ensure Independence of judiciary: separation of judiciary from executive, higher qualified and salary and legislature and appointment of judge by the president. Image of the judiciary: the appointment of the judges by the president is purely formal because in this matter he acts on the advice of the council of Minister. The transfer of judges of higher judiciary from high court to another also could affect the Independence and functioning in the judiciary. The collegium system: appoints judges to the nation’s constitutional courts. He concluded by saying there are many ill in the judiciary yet the judiciary remains to be the organ of the state as the most supreme.
Ideology and principles underlying the Indian constitution by Adv Prabhakar Timble (former state election commission of Goa). Our constitution is a product of our history .i.e. social and economic inequality, system of birth determines your status, no women identity status, and illiteracy and caste system. The history of the British Raj gave us a system of governance. Constitution had institutionalized the political, social economic ideology.
Session 8 :
Constitution and democracy: some underlying challenges by Rahul Tripathi (HOD Department of political science, Goa University) Challenges of a democracy are to conduct a fair and free elections i.e. electoral democracy. There are different Institutions to safe guard our rights. Notion of participation of the citizens in a constitution. And Implementation of and enforcement of the constitution.
The new facets of the freedom of speech and the right to life by Adv Shahrukh Alam. In her thought-provoking speech she touched upon issues on Hate and Seditious speech. She stated that article 14 does not safeguard such speeches as it can be only applied between communities and not individuals of the same community.
Directive principles of state policy and socio economic rights by Adv. Radharao. F. Gracias. It’s the duty of the state to keep equality of wealth. He pointed out the existing superstitions in the country and how there is a need of scientific outlook to be developed among the citizens of India.
The seminar was concluded with the closing remarks by Provincial Fr Felix Fernandes followed by the vote of thanks by Ryan Fernandes. The certificates of participation were presented to the delegates and the teachers from different institutions of Goa and India. The speakers of the two day seminar were honoured with a memento, the preamble of the Indian Constitution. The seminar registered active participation of around 50 teaching staff who came from various colleges and institutes of India.